Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. According to Government of India, the district Bulendshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.
History Of Bulandshahar
The history of Bulandshahr begins even before 1200 BCE. This region is close to the capital of the Pandavas – Indraprastha and Hastinapur. After the decline of Hastinapur, Ahar, which is situated in the north-east of Bulandshahr District, became an important place for the Pandavas.
Later the king Parma made a fort in this part of the region and a king named Ahibaran laid the foundation of a tower called Baran. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as “high city”, which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language. There is a present day place called Upper Court which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area.
King Ahivarn or Ahibaran was a Kshatriya and a Suryavanshi. He was the 21st descendant of Samrat (Emperor) Mandhata, the ruler of Ayodhya. As per Mahalakshmi Vrat Katha, it was in Emperor Mandhatas lineage that at one stage son of King Vallabh, Agrasen was born and at another stage son of King Parmaal, Ahivarn was born; both of whom further started their own clans: Agrawal (or Agarwal) and Varnwal (or Barnwal).
As per an old treatise on Indian Caste system, ‘Jati Bhaskar’, it is understood that Samrat Mandhata had two sons, Gunadhi and Mohan. King Parmaal was the descendant of King Gunadhi while King Vallabh was the descendant of King Mohan.
In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his Senapati, Qutubbudin surrounded Fort Barn and, with the help of traitors, was able to kill King Chandrasen Dor and in the process take control of the Barn kingdom.
After the fall of Barn-sahar, the Baranwal community lost leadership and direction and in the process scattered to different parts of India, mostly to the Gangetic plains of India, and started living under the various family names of Lala, Modi, Goyal, Bakshi, pawaria(bilsuri}Choudhary, Patwari, Gupta’s, Parsariya, Simriya, Nagar, Arya, Shah. At present the Barnwal population is around half a million. They are mostly spread in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal along with a sprinkled presence in Rajasthan, MP and Maharastra and the neighboring Kingdom of Nepal.
The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the Lucknow State Museum.
Geography Of Bulandshahar
Bulandshahr is located at 28°24’N 77°51’E? / ?28.4°N 77.85°E? / 28.4; 77.85. It has an average elevation of 196 metres (643 feet).
The city is located on the right bank of the Kali-Nadi River. The portion of the city on the bluffs was called Bulandshahr and the portion on the river bank was called Unchanagar. Bulandshahr city is divided into two police districts, Kotwali Nagar (Urban) and Kotwali Dehat (Rural). King Ahibaran’s tower which is still called Baran, remains a local landmark. In the old days the king of Bulandshahr lived at Upper Court “Kala Aam” chaurha which is situated in near district court. This place was used for public execution by hanging during the period of British rule over India. The name “Kala Aam” is to refer to the Mango trees on which the people were hanged.
The city’s development authority is BDA (Bulandshahr Development Authority). Its office is located near Bhoor Choraha which is the crossroad where Meerut Road, Ghaziabad Road, Bulandshahr Road and Aligarh Road meet.
The main residential areas in Bulandshahr are: Krishna Nagar, Prem Nagar, Mohalla Kotiyat (Civil Lines), Hari Enclave, Shivpuri, Uppar Court, D.M.colony, Shanti Niketan Colony , Kala Aam, Quraishiyaan, Teacher’s Colony, Preet Vihar, Satha,Sarai lodhgan Adarsh Nagar and Awas Vikas Conlony.
Being in the vicinity of the National Capital Region has resulted in rapid development of Bulandshahr and in the general improvement of the standard of its city life. Bulandshahr city has one Northern Railway station from where there are trains to Meerut, Delhi, Khurja and Allahabad. It has an inter-state bus terminal that has regular bus services to other towns in Bulandshahr district and is also connected to most of the important towns in neighboring districts.
A few of the major cities connected to Bulandshahr with regular service are the National Capital New Delhi, Taj city Agra, Tala Nagari Aligarh and Pink city Jaipur.
Economics Of Bulandshahar
Nuclear power plant
An atomic power plant, one among five such power plants in India, is located in nearby Narora. The plant, located near the Ganges, is of critical and strategic importance to India.
Khurja, a small town and a municipal board in Bulandshahr District is well known and famous for its pottery industry; chimneys of pottery plants dot the cityscape. Pottery industry of Khurja produces a variety of items – from cups and plates to highly sophisticated grand chandeliers and room partitions.
Sikandrabad Industrial Area
A neighbouring town, Sikandrabad, is the only UPSIDC (UP State Industries Development Corporation) Industrial area in Bulandshahar district. A large number of medium to small scale industries are situated in this area. Some of these are Kajaria Ceramics, Orient Ceramics, Goodluck Pipes, Vishal Pipes, OTR Papers Pvt Ltd and Mouri yeasts. There are also a large number of industries making Chlorinated Paraffin Wax (CPW). The exports from this industrial area generate over Rs. 2.5 billion annually. Another fast developing town is Siyana.
Bulandshahr is also famous for its dairy farms. The milk produced here is mainly exported to Delhi, Punjab and Rajasthan. The major dairy farms in Bulandshahr are Parag, Param, Gopaljee, Madhusudan and Rama.
Each year during March and April, Bulandshahr hosts an Exhibition a popular event for the people of Bulandshahr district. This event is also known as “Farming, Trade and Cultural Exhibition”.