Barabanki is a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Barabanki District. The city is about 29 km east of Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, one of major states in India.
This city has produced some well known personalities like the legendary K D Singh “Babu”, a famous hockey player.Legendary film actor Naseeruddin Shah was born in Barabanki. The famous Shiva temple “Mahadewa” is also located in this district only. Its situated approx 30 Km from Barabanki on the Lucknow Behraich Road, popularly known as Buddhist Circuit (bauddh paripath). Barabanki has produced some other prominent personalities like Khumar Barabankwi, the famous poet, and Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, an eminent political figure.
The famous Haji Waris Ali Shah Baba’s dargah is also located at Dewa in Barabanki. It is marked by an annual fair which facilitates the cultural, social and economic efficiencies of the district. According to Government of India, the district Barabanki is one of the “Minority Concentrated District in India” on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.
History Of Barabanki
This district was under the rule of the Chandravanshi kings for a very long period. During the Mahabharat era, it was part of the ‘Gaurav Rajya’ and this part of land was known by the name Kurukshetra. Pandav along with their mother Kunti had spent some time on the banks of river Ghaghra during their exile.
Parijaat tree world’s unique tree, Kunteshwar Mahadev temple, and its extremely ancient Shivling, Kunteshwar (Kintur) on the poise banks of Ghaghra, Bazaar Dharam Mandi (Dhamedi), and the famous Lodheshwar Mahadeva’s Shivling etc. are proof enough that this region had an important place even five thousand years ago during the Mahabharat period.
As per the historical documentation available, in 1030 AD this region was attacked by Sayyed Salar Masood, brother of Mahmood of Ghazni. In the same century Qutubuddin Gaha of Madina annexed the Hindu princely states, thereby establishing the Muslim dominance then on. During the reign of the great Mughal emperor Akbar this district was dividedly under the sirkars of Awadh and Manikpur.
While the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan was still alive, a war of succession to the Mughal throne ensued. The Emperor’s youngest son, and the governor of Deccan, Abu Muzaffar Muhiuddin Aurangzeb, was amongst the protagonists, and was the ultimate victor in this war and deposed his father. The Ansari family of Sehali is said to have professed loyalty to, and supported Aurangzeb Alamgeer during his campaigns in the war of succession as well as during his reign as the Mughal Emperor.
After the assassination of Mullah Qutab uddin Shaheed, (d. 1692) the family leader was Mullah Saeed bin Mullah Qutab Uddin who still saw the hostility of his relatives and decided that he is was going to depart from Sehali and find a home somewhere else. He went to Hyderabad, India to visit Emperor Aurangzeb.
Many kings and princes opposed the expansion of British rule into this district by waging wars against them. During the British Raj, several kings fought for their independence and laid down their lives doing so, the great revolutionaries. Raja Balbhadra Singh Chehlari along with about 1000 revolutionaries sacrificed their lives for independence from the British rule. The last battle of the First War of Indian Independence was fought in December 1858 AD here in this district.
During the middle of the nineteenth century the revolutionaries put up their last front at ‘Bhitauli’ which proved unsuccessful in comarison to the strong British forces. Leaving behind the Bhitauli front the independence fanatics along with Begum Hazrat Mahal, Nana Saheb entered into the territory of Nepal to continue their freedom struggle from there. In 1921 AD Gandhiji started the Non-cooperation Movement, thereby igniting the flame of independence once again. Here too, the district leading from the front, opposed the arrival of Prince of Wales to India. As a result, protests were organised and large number of freedom fighter courted arrests at the Government High School, Nawabganj, Shri Rafi Ahmad Kidwai was also arrested. During 1922 AD Khilafat Movement, 1930 AD Salt Movement, and in 1942 AD the Quit India Movement, the people of this district actively participated in these movements thereby giving sleepless nights to the British Raj. As a result, the District Congress Office was sealed. But, the local leaders continued their protests remaining underground. The Haidergarh Post office was looted on 24 August 1942 as a mark of protest by the revolutionaries. Similar incidents took place at the GPO Barabanki and Satrikh.
The people of this district enthusiastically respond to the call of Satyagraha and large numbers courted arrest. At last, on August 15, 1947, the country achieved its long-awaited independence. Every home in Barabanki along with the rest of the country celebrated the occasion with great enthusiasm.
The Ansari family of Sehali (or Sihali) who later achieved great renown as the Firangi Mahal family or the Ulama-e-Farangi Mahal, is recorded in a book titled, Tazkira-e-Ulama-e-Firangi Mahal. The ancestors arrived in India from Herat, Afghanistan, and settled mainly in and around Panipat. In the mid-sixteenth century, they further spread to the Oudh province, during the reign of the great Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great. They made their way to, and settled in a small village, Sehali, District Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India. Passenger road transport services in the state of U.P. started on 15 May 1947 with the operation of bus service on the Lucknow – Barabanki route by the erstwhile U.P. Government Roadways.
Geography Of Barabanki
The district Barabanki is situated about 29 km in the East direction of Lucknow the Capital of Uttar Pradesh. This district being one of the four districts of Faizabad division, is located in the heart of Awadh region and it lies between Latitudes 26° 30′ North and 27° 19′ North and Longitudes 80° 58′ East and 81° 55′ East. District Barabanki is surrounded by district Faizabad in the East, districts Gonda and Bahraich in the North East, district Sitapur in the North West, district Lucknow in the West, district Rae Bareli in the South and district Sultanpur in the South East. The river Ghaghra forms the North Eastern Boundary separating Barabanki from Bahraich and Gonda.
According to the 2001 census the area of the district was 4401 km². The districts were reconstituted and Tehsil Rudauli of this district was merged with district Faizabad, thereby reducing the land area of the district. Now the area of the district stands reduced to 3895.4 km². The area is liable to vary from year to year due to the slightest change in the coarse of the river Ghaghra, because this slight variation makes a noticeable change in the overall area of the district.
Education Of Barabanki
- Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Post-Graduate Degree College, Barabanki
- Munsi Raghunandan Prasad Sardar Patel Mahila Degree College, Barabanki
- Ram Sewak Yadav Degree College, village Kanojiya, Barabanki
- Rudauli Degree College, Barabanki
- Pioneer Degree College, Lakhperabagh, Barabanki
- Institute of Environment & Management, Barabanki
- Jahangirabad Institute of Technology, Jahangirabad, Barabanki
- Sagar Institute of Technology & Management, Faizabad Road, Barabanki
- Sherwood College of Engineering Research and Technology, Faizabad Road, Barabanki
- Seth Vishambhar Nath Institute of Engineering & Technology, Barabanki
Government Polytechnic, Barabanki
Medical/Dental Hospitals & Colleges
- Chandra Dental College & Hospital, Barabanki
- Hindustan Institute of Medical Sciences (HIMS), Barabanki
- Sagar Institute of Technology and Management – Department of Pharmacy, Faizabad Road, Barabanki
- Sherwood College of Pharmacy, Faizabad Road, Barabanki