Sitapur

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Sitapur is a town and a municipal board in Sitapur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is in the Lucknow Division of Uttar Pradesh. The town is located by the river Sarayan, half-way between Lucknow and Shahjahanpur on the Lucknow-Delhi National Highway No-24 and on the Lucknow-Bareilly railway, 89 km. N.W. from the state capital Lucknow. In British India it was a cantonment, garrisoned by a portion of a British regiment. The traditional origin for the name is said to be by the king Vikarmaditya from Lord Ram’s wife Sita.

History Of Sitapur
Sitapur has a long history. It is a land of seers and sufis and dalits. According to the Hindu Mythology, purans were written by Rishi Ved Vyas (Vyas Gaddi) on the ancient location called Naimisharanya. Sitapur is one of the five sacred places the Hindus have to visit in their Panch Dham Yatra journey. Misrikh, near Naimisharanya, holds its religious significance due to the belief that Maharshi Dadhichi donated his bones to Devatas for making Vajras. Dargah of Hazrat Maqdoom Shaikh Shaduddin (Bada Maqdoom) at Khairabad and Hazrat Gulzar Shah are the symbols of communal harmony. According to Abdul Fazal’s Aina Akbari this place was called Chatyapur or Chitiapur during the reign of Akbar.

The history of Sitapur is closely associated with that of the rest of Awadh. The district figured prominently in the Indian rebellion of 1857, when the native troops quartered in the cantonments fired on their officers, many of whom were killed, as were also several military and civil officers, with their families, in attempting to escape. Sitapur as the name depicts, was established by the king Vikarmaditya after the name of Lord Ram’s wife Sita. This place is concerned with ancient, medieval and modern history. This is a land of seer and sufis. Purans were written by Rishi Ved Vyas on this holi land. According to Hindu mythology the ‘Panch Dham Yatra’ journey of five main religious Hindu places will not be completed without visiting the Neemsar or Naimisharanya, a religious ancient place in Sitapur. Dargah of Hazrat Makhdoom sb. at Khairabad and Hazrat Gulzar Shah are the symbols of communal harmony.

The contribution of Sitapur can not be avoided in social, historical, political and literary field in the country. Many freedom fighters gave their life to free India from British rule. Capt. Manoj Pandey sacrificed his life in Kargil War -1999 and honored his birth place with Param Veer Chakra. The Sitapur Eye Hospital along with its 32 branch hospitals is serving eye patients throughout Uttar Pradesh and providing sight to visually challenged peoples. Ilasia Park, Mahaveer Park, Sarojini Vatika are the main gardens of the city. Vaidehi Vatika, Shahid Capt. Manoj Pandey monument and Shaurya Stambh are also important symbols of the city.

The Cotton and Woolen mats (Duries) are famous in India and also being exported abroad.The City is situated on the river bank of ‘Sarayan’, at Lucknow-Delhi National Highway No-24, 89 Km. from state capital Lucknow, and on meter gauge Railway line from Lucknow to Bareilly via Lakhimpur and Pilibhit. Sitapur is also connected on broad gauge train network connecting Gorakhpur and Delhi via Gonda,Burhwal bypassing Lucknow and Hardoi. Whole district is divided into six tehsils – Sitapur, Biswan, Mishrikh, Laharpur, Mahmoodabad and Sidhauli.

There are 19 blocks, two parliamentary constituencies (Sitapur, Mishrikh (SC)) and nine assembly constituencies ( Behta, Biswan, Mahmoodabad, Sidhauli(SC), Laharpur, Sitapur, Hargaon(SC), Mishrikh and Machhrehta(SC)). Total population of the district is 28.57 Lacks and the area is 5743 Sq. Km. There are 2348 Census Villages and 1329 Gram Panchayats in the district.

Geography Of Sitapur
Sitapur is located at 27°34’N 80°41’E? / ?27.57°N 80.68°E? / 27.57; 80.68.[1] It has an average elevation of 138 metres (452 feet).The District of Sitapur has an area of 5743 km2. It is located on the gangetic plain, with elevations ranging from 150 m above sea level in the north-west to 100 m in the south-east. It is intersected by numerous streams and ravines, and contains many shallow ponds and natural reservoirs, which overflow during the rainy seasons, but become dry in the hot season. Except in the eastern portion, which lies in the doabs between the Kewani and Chauka and the Gogra and Chauka rivers, the soil is, as a rule, dry, but even this moist tract is interspersed with patches of land covered with saline efflorescence called reh.There are five rivers Gomti, Kathana, Pirai, Sarayan and Sharda.

Education Of Sitapur
Professional Institution
Indian Institute of Building Designers Association (IIBD)

Engineering & Management Colleges
Regency Institute of Management and Technology (RIMT)
Institute of Engineering & Technology
Sacred Heart Institute of Management & Technology (SHIMT)
womens institute of technology

Degree Colleges
1. Sacred Heart Degree College (SHDC)
2. Government Degree College (GDC)
3. Rashtriya Mahajani Pathshala (RMP)
4. Hindu Kanya Mahavidyalaya (Girls College)
5. Acharya Narendra Dev Teachers Training College (ANDTTC)
6. Regency Teachers Training College (RTTC)
Inter Colleges
1. Government Inter College (GIC)
2. Sacred Heart Inter College
3. Hanumat Rameshwar Dayal Inter College, Biswan
4. Seth Jaydayal Inter College, Biswan
5. Uma shanker inter college of science Maholi Sitapur
6. Jawaher Navodaya Vidyalaya, Khairabad
7. Sumitra Inter College, Vijay Laxminagar
8. Sumitra Modern Senior Secondary School,affiliated to CBSE, Naipalapur Sitapur
9. Anandi Devi Saraswati Vidya Mandir
10. Government Inter College (GIC)
11. Raja Raghuvar Dayal Inter college (RRD)
12. Ujagar Lal Inter College
13. Arya Kanya Inter College
14. Maharshi Vidya Mandir
15. R.M.P.Inter college
16. Maharishi Vidya Mandir
17. Study Well Public School
18. Regency Public School
19. Sumitra modern school
20. Janta Inter College Kalyanpur, Sitapur
21. Sarvodaya Vidya Mandir, Sidhauli, Sitapur
22. Shri Gandhi Vidyalaya Intermediate College, Sidhauli, Sitapur
23. Shri Nehru Vidyalaya, Sidhauli, Sitapur
24. Singhania Educational Institute, Sitapur
25. Raja Bahadur Surya Baksh Singh Intermediate College, Kamalapur
26. J.L.M.D.J. Inter college, Khairabad
27. S.D.K.Higher Secondry School Lauli
28. kendriya vidyalaya civil lines sitapur

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