Sant Kabir Nagar

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Sant Kabir Nagar district is one of the 70 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. Khalilabad town is the district headquarters. Sant Kabir Nagar district is a part of Basti Division. The district is bounded on the north by Siddharthnagar and Maharajganj districts, on the east by Gorakhpur district, on the south by Ambedkar Nagar district and on the west by Basti district. The district occupies an area of 1659.15 km2.

The district is named after the 15th century mystic poet Kabir, who lived in Maghar town in the district. One popular legend of his death, which is even taught in schools in India (although in more of a moral context than a historical one), says that after his death his Muslim and Hindu devotees fought over his proper burial rites. The problem arose since Muslim custom called for the burial of their dead, whereas Hindus cremated their dead.

The scene is depicted as two groups fighting around his coffin one claiming that Kabir was a Hindu, and the other claiming that Kabir was a Muslim. However, when they finally open Kabir’s coffin, they found the body missing. Instead there was a small book in which the Hindus and Muslims wrote all his sayings that they could remember; some even say a bunch of his favourite flowers were placed. The legend goes on to state that the fighting was resolved, and both groups looked upon the miracle as an act of divine intervention. In Maghar, his tomb or Dargah and Samādhi Mandir still stand side by side.

History Of Sant Kabir Nagar
Sant Kabir Nagar district was created on September 5, 1997. The new district comprised 131 villages of erstwhile Basti tahsil of Basti district and 161 villages of erstwhile Bansi tahsil of Siddharthnagar district. Before September 5, 1997 it was the tehsil for Basti District.

The district is named after the 15th century mystic poet Kabir, who lived in Maghar town in the district. One popular legend of his death, which is even taught in schools in India (although in more of a moral context than a historical one), says that after his death his Muslim and Hindu devotees fought over his proper burial rites. The problem arose since Muslim custom called for the burial of their dead, whereas Hindus cremated their dead. The scene is depicted as two groups fighting around his coffin one claiming that Kabir was a Hindu, and the other claiming that Kabir was a Muslim. However, when they finally open Kabir’s coffin, they found the body missing. Instead there was a small book in which the Hindus and Muslims wrote all his sayings that they could remember; some even say a bunch of his favourite flowers were placed. The legend goes on to state that the fighting was resolved, and both groups looked upon the miracle as an act of divine intervention. In Maghar, his tomb or Dargah and Samadhi Mandir still stand side by side.

Economy Of Sant Kabir Nagar
District Sant Kabir Nagar is mainly agricultural based district. About 80 percent population is directly depend on agricultural based activities. There is a lack of having large scale Industries in the district Sant Kabir Nagar, there is only about 10 industries including large and medium scale in which only 4 units presently are in working condition. In 4 working units 2 are papers mills and 2 are refind oil. In these 4 units total Rs. 10.21 crore is invested and total 585 persons are employed. Total Rs. 33.93 crore in invested in remaining 6 units in which Khalilabad Sugar

Mills unit has been closed from last few years. Apart from large and medium scale industries there about 1100 are small scale industries and 618 are village and cottage industries in which nearly 5339 and 1206 persons are working respectively. Cotton textile was the only industry of the district in the past. In the medieval period garha (coarse cotton cloth) and fine cloth were made , but in the early British period only garha was woven, as due to exploitation by financiers the economic condition of the artisans deteriorated. The other old time industries of the district were the production of leather foot-wear,pottery, woolen blankets,brass and copperware and coarse sugar.However ,production was limited to the requirements of the local population.

Education Of Sant Kabir Nagar
The concept of general education normally includes education from the Primary stage to the University stage. The pattern and system of education is uniform all over the state. According to the census 1991 the literacy percentage is of about 33.00 in the district.

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