Moradabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1600 by prince Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan; as a result the city came to be known as Moradabad. It is the administrative headquarters of Moradabad District. According to Government of India, the district Moradabad is one of the several Muslim majority districts on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.
Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 miles) from the national capital, New Delhi, on the banks of the Ramganga River (a tributary of the Ganges). The city is famous for its huge export of brass handicrafts to North America Europe and all over the world, and is also thus called “Brass City” or Peetal Nagri (in the local language). The city has the distinction of being the biggest exporter of handicrafts in the country. It has close to one million citizens of various ethnicities and religions.
History Of Moradabad
Moradabad was earlier known as Chaupla. In 1624, Rustam Khan, the governor of sambhal, captured it and set up a fort at this place and named it as Rustam Nagar. Later on it was named as MORADABAD after the name of SHAHJAHAN ‘s son MURAD BUX and this name still persists. Physical development of the city was started after the construction of JAMA MASJID by Rustom Khan in 1632. The city is on the right bank of the river Ramganga, 680 ft. above sea-level, and has a station on the Oudh & Rohilkhand railway, 868 miles from Calcutta. Pop. (1901), 75,128. It was founded in 1625 by Rustam Khan, who built the fort which overhangs the river bank, and the fine Jama Masjid or great mosque (1631). The town forms a large centre of trade in country produce. It has a special industry in ornamental brassware, sometimes plated with lac or tin, which is then engraved. Cotton weaving and printing is also carried on.
The District of Moradabad lies east of the Ganges and west of the native state of Rampur. Area, 2285 sq. m. It lies within the great Gangetic plain, and is demarcated into three subdivisions by the rivers Ramganga and Sot. The eastern tract consists of a submontane country, with an elevation slightly greater than the plain below, and is traversed by numerous streams descending from the Himalayas. The central portion consists of a level central plain descending at each end into the valleys of the Ramganga and Sot. The western section has a gentle slope towards the Ganges, with a rapid dip into the lowlands a few miles from the bank of the great river. In addition to Moradabad the principal towns are Amroha, Sahaspur, Bilari,Sambhal (39,715) and Chandausi (25,711).
For the early history of Moradabad see History of Bareilly. It passed into the possession of the British in 1801. The population in 1901 was 1,191,993. The principal crops are wheat, rice, millet, pulse, sugar-cane and cotton. The main line of the Oudh and Rohilkhand railway traverses the district from south to north, with branches towards Aligarh and Rampur. A third branch from Moradabad city towards Delhi crosses the Ganges at Garhmukteshwar by a bridge of eleven spans of 200 ft. each.
Geography Of Moradabad
Moradabad is located at 28°50’N 78°00’E? / ?28.83°N 78.°E? / 28.83; 78.. It has an average elevation of 186 metres (610 feet)
Economy Of Moradabad
Moradabad is renowned for its brass work and has carved a niche for itself in the handicraft industry throughout the world. Mohammed Yar Khan was the founder of the Indian Brassware Industry.He migrated from Afghanistan to India in 1860’s and started the Brassware business in Moradabad.He has been awarded various prestigious medals from National and International Business Organizations.The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The attractive brass ware is exported to countries like USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and Middle East Asia. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in the district. Moradabad exports goods worth Rs. 2200 crore every year.
Recently other products like Iron, Sheet, Metalwares, Aluminium Artworks and Glassware’s have also been included as per the need of foreign Buyers. Mentha is also exported worth Rupees several crores from Moradabad. These products are very popular in foreign markets and are being exported in thousand of crores every year.
Education Of Moradabad
Teerthanker Mahaveer University is a university created by passing special resolution in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly by special forces.Offers Almost all types of educational courses at Graduation,Post graduation and Doctorate Level.
Engineering & Management colleges
1. Moradabad Institute of Technology (MIT)
2. Teerthanker Mahaveer Institute Of Management And Technology (TMIMT)
3. Institute of Foreign Trade and Management (IFTM)
4. Krishna Institute Of Management And Technology (KIMT)
1. Teerthankar Mahaveer Dental College & Research Center
2. Teerthankar Mahaveer Medical College& Research Center
3. Paramount Research Center
4. Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center
1. Gokul Das Hindu Girls College
2. V.K.S Law College
3. Hindu Degree College, Moradabad
4. Wilsonia Degree College
5. Moradabad Muslim Degree College
6. R.S.D Degree College
7. M.H Degree College
8. K.G.K College