The Sports City of India. Meerut is a metropolitan city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ancient city located 56 km (35 mi) north-east of New Delhi. It is a part of the National Capital Region of India. It is the 16th largest metropolitan area in India and the 17th largest city in India. It ranked 292 in 2006 and 242 in 2020 in the list of largest cities and urban areas in the world.
Meerut is the 63rd fastest growing urban area in the world. It is also the fastest developing city of Uttar Pradesh after Noida and Ghaziabad. It is spread about 172 square km. It is the 14th fastest developing city of India. The total metropolitian area is 198 km which is third in Uttar Pradesh after Lucknow and Kanpur. It has the 2nd largest army cantonment of the country.
The city is famous for its scissors, Handloom Cloths, gold jewellery, sports goods (especially cricket goods), Gazak and Rewri; and is sometimes called the city of scissors or the sports capital of India. Most of all, the city is famous for the Revolt of 1857, also called India’s First War of Independence, which began here. With the cheap availability of land as compared to Delhi, and being in the proximity of Delhi, the city is fast developing as an industrial and education hub in Western Uttar Pradesh.
Geography Of Meerut
Meerut lies between 28.2 latitudes and 77.7 longitudes in the northern plains of India. The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. Land is suitable for growing crops. Meerut lies between plains of rivers Ganga and Yamuna, there is no water scarcity as ground water is present.
History Of Meerut
After the archaeological excavations at ‘Vidura-ka-tila’, a collection of several mounds, in 1950-52, a site 23 miles north-east of Meerut, it was concluded to be remains of the ancient city of Hastinapur, the capital of Kauravas and Pandavas of Mahabharata, which was washed away by Ganges floods.
Fragment of the 6th Ashoka Pillar in sandstone, with inscription or Edicts of Ashoka, in Brahmi, originally from Meerut, now at British Museum.
However, even before the vedic period, Meerut contained a Harappan settlement known as Alamgirpur. It was also the Easternmost settlement of the Indus valley civilization. Meerut had been a centre of Buddhism in the period of Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (r. 273 BC to 232 BC.), and remains of Buddhist structures were found near the Jama Masjid in the present day city. The Ashoka Pillar, at Delhi ridge, next to the ‘Bara Hindu Rao Hospital’, near Delhi University, was brought to Delhi, by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351 – 1388), it was later damaged in a 1713 explosion, and restored in 1867.
In the eleventh century AD, the south-west part of the district was ruled by Har Dat, the Dor Raja of Bulandshahr who built a fort, which was long known for its strength and finds mention in Ain-i-Akbari. He was later defeated by Mahmud Ghazni in 1018. Though, the first big invasion on the city came later in 1192 AD, from Mohammad Ghori, when his general Qutb-ud-din Aybak attacked the city, and converted all the Hindu temples into mosques. However, a much worse fate lay ahead for the district, which came with the invasion of Timur in 1398, during which the Rajputs offered a tough resistance at the fort of Loni, where he fought the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad Tughlaq. But, eventually they were all defeated and all the 1,00,000 prisoners his army had taken in since his invasion of India were massacred, according to Timur’s own accounts in Tuzk-e-Taimuri.
Thereafter he went on to attack Delhi, where he again massacred the local population, and returned to attack Meerut town, then ruled by an Afghan chief, Ilias, and took the city in two days, leading to widespread devastation, before heading North once again.
During the rule of Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great (r. 1556-1605), there was a mint for copper coins here.
1857 Mutineers’ Mosque
Meerut is famously associated with the Indian Rebellion of 1857 against the British East India Company,known as The Sepoy Mutiny or First Indian War of Independence. The famous slogan “Dilli Chalo” (“Let’s march to Delhi!”) was first raised here. Meerut cantonment is the place where the rebellion started when Hindu and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges rumoured to have a coating made of animal fat. The bullet wrapping was to be opened by mouth before use, which affected the religious sensibilities of both Muslims and Hindus as the fat used was alleged to be derived from lard and tallow; cows are held sacred by Hindus and Muslims consider the pig unclean.Meerut soldiers set fire to the bunglows of English.From the city of Meerut the revolt started in all India.
During this revolt, Meerut leapt into international prominence, when on 24 April 1857 eighty-five of the ninety troopers of the third cavalry refused to touch the cartridges and after court-martial were sentenced to ten years imprisonment. This marked the beginning of a widespread revolt across northern India.
Economy Of Meerut
Meerut is famous as an industrial city. It is a rich agriculture area with such pockets of land that do not fit in for crop purpose. Being in the proximity of Delhi, it is ideal for industry. Existing industries: Textile, Transformer, Sugar, Distillery, Chemical, Engineering, Paper, Sports Goods Manufacturing; Prospective Industries: IT, ITES.
Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation (UPSIDC) already has two industrial estates in Meerut, namely Partapur and Udyog Puram. Mohkampur industrial area is a private initiative. Paschimanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd has unrestricted power at Partapur, Udyogpuram and Mohkampur industrial areas.
Bhur Baral industrial area is under development. Another industrial area has been identified by UPSIDC at Gagol road adjacent to Delhi road. 1200 hectares of land is available for industrial development. Identified industrial areas are at Shatabdi nagar, Delhi road, Baghpat road, Roorkee road, Mawana road, Parikshitgarh(Kila) road, Garh road and Hapur road. Further 2000 hectares land is being proposed for industrial development near Delhi-Meerut expressway.
The infrastructure segment of Meerut is currently going through a boom phase with many new projects coming up in and around the city. There are many new buildings, shopping complexes, malls, roads, flyovers and apartments coming up. Many malls have recently been built by major developers of the country. These include Mellange at Pallav Puram, PVS Mall at Shastri Nagar, Rap Magnum Mall and Era Mall at Delhi Road. Many more malls are under construction, namely Ansal Plaza at weatern By-pass road, Phoenix Mall at Delhi Road, MCP Mall(Grand Savy Mall) at EK Road,MSX mall and TDI mall at mawana road.
Meerut has innumerable hotels. Hotel Naveen Deluxe, Hotel Crystal Palace and Hotel Samrat Heavens are the biggest hotels in the city, while, Hotal Mayur Deluxe and Hotel Yadu Residency are other hotels. A five star hotel at Baghpat road bypass crossing and a three star hotel at Delhi road near Rithani are under construction. Popular restaurants include the Blue Lagoon in Hotel Crystal Palace, Delhi Darbar at Hapur Road, Al Kareem restaurent at Ghanta Ghar, Alfa, Cream Bell Ice Cream parlour at Abu Lane, McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, Dominoe’s, Nirula’s, Cafe Coffee Day, Barista Coffee, Coffee Delight, Bikanerwala, and Maanchow with KFC on its way.
Famous bars of Meerut are Cellar in Hotel Crystal palace (boundary road), Bottoms Up (Hotel Mukut Mahal – Delhi Road), Indiana (near mall road), Rajmahal (Abu lane). The city also boasts of many clubs, like Wheeler’s club, Alexender club etc. Meerut is home to showrooms of several internationally known clothing and sports brands such as Adidas, Reebok, Nike, Inc., Puma AG, Killer, levi’s, Spykar, Pepe Jeans, UCB, Cotton County, Koutons, Peter England and many more.
The gold market of Meerut is one of Asia’s largest; it employs over 25,000 skilled craftsmen and around 60 kilograms of the precious metal is processed here everyday. Meerut is the largest supplier of sports goods with SG being the largest Indian cricket goods manufacturer and exporter operating in Meerut. Also big is the musical instrument industry. One of the leading Pharmaceuticals manufacturer, Perk Pharmaceuticals Ltd., is also located here.
According to statistics compiled by the Income Tax department, Meerut contributed a handsome Rs.10,089 crore to the national treasury in 2007-08, outperforming Lucknow, Jaipur, Bhopal, Kochi and Bhubaneshwar.
Education Of Meerut
Meerut is an education hub of Western Uttar Pradesh having a total of 4 universities, 50 Engineering colleges, 27 other colleges and countless institutions and schools. Meerut has always remained great attraction for IIT coaching for Western U.P. students after Delhi. The city is home to the Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology and Chaudhary Charan Singh University (earlier known as Meerut University), Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, and Shobhit University.
Few well-known engineering colleges of Meerut are Template:Venkateshwara Institute of Technology, Vidya College of Engineering, Sir Chhotu Ram Institute of Engineering & Technology, College of Engineering & Rural Technology(C.E.R.T.), Forte Institute of Technology (F.I.T.), Indian Institute of Management and Technology (I.I.M.T), Master School of Management (MSM), Bharat Institute of Technology (B.I.T), Radha Govind Engineering College(RGEC) , Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology (M.I.E.T), and Deewan V.S. Institute of Engineering & Technology.
The city currently has two medical colleges, namely Subharti Medical College and the Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College. The city’s prominent academic colleges are Meerut College, D.N. College, Faiz-E-Aam Degree College, Ismail National Girls P.G. College, R.G Degree College and N.A.S College. Some Reputed schools of the city are Delhi Public School, St. John’s Sr. Sec. School,Guru Tegh Bahadur Public School, Meerut Public School, St. Mary’s, Deewan Public School,Gargi girls school, D.A.V. Public school and St Thomas.