Fateh Pur, a newly established (1980’s) but most developed city in District Layyah, got status as Sub-Tehsil (since January 7, 2007,) in Tehsil Karor (Laal Eason). It has a large population of approximately 1,300,000 people (estimated in July, 2009). Approximately more than 95% of total population consists of the migrants from Indian Punjab (1947) which settled in Fateh Pur after leaving central Punjab in 1970’s and later. The city is famous for its well planned ifrastructure development, clean and broad roads and streets and civilized population. Due to brave people of the area, it is also called the residence of TIGERS of THAL.
This district is situated between two important cities Allahabad, which is also known as “Prayag”, and Kanpur of state Uttar Pradesh . This is well connected with those cities by train route and by road also . The distance from Allahabad is 117 Km and from Kanpur is 76 Km by railway . The north boundry of the district is limited by river Ganga and southern is ended with river Yamuna .
In the Vedik era the region of this district was known as “Antardesh”, which means the fertile area between two big rivers . Later, it was known as “Madhyadesh” which means central region . The northern region of the district is influenced with “Avadhi” culture while southern part shows effect of the “Bundelkhand” . The region of Fatehpur was included in the district Vatsa, which was one among sixteen districts described in the Baudh literature .
Bawani Imali : This monument is the symbol of sacrifices offered by freedom fighters . On 28th April, 1858, fifty two freedom fighters were hanged on an “Imali” tree by the british army . The “Imali” tree still exists, people believe that the growth of tree has stopped after the massacre. This place is very near to town Khajuha in Bindki Subdivision of the district .
Bhitaura : This is block headquarter situated at the bank of holy river Ganga . This is the place where renowned saint Bhrigu worshipped for a long time . Here, flow of river Ganga is towards north direction, which is very important from the religious point of view .
Hathgam : This is also block headquarter and birth place of great freedom fighter Late Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi & renowned Urdu poet Shri Iqbal Verma . It is said, this was populated by Saint Parashar .
Renh : A very old village situated on the bank of river Yamuna . Two decades before a very old idol of Lord Vishnu, made up of precious alloy, was found in this village . Now that idol is in a temple in village Kirtikheda on Bindki Lalauli road .
Shivrajpur : This village is situated at the bank of river Ganga near Bindki, which is a sub-division . In this village, there is a very old temple of Lord Krishna, which is known as “Mirabai Ka Mandir” (temple of Mirabai) . It is said that idol of Lord Krishna was founded by Mirabai, a renowned devotee of Lord Krishna and a member of royal family of Mewar state .
Tenduli : A village situated on Chaudagara-Bindki road . It is believed that victims of snake/dog biting, persons suffering from parapsychological problems get relief from the temple of Baba Jhamdas in this village .
Geography Of Fatehpur
As far as her geographic location is concerned, it is situated at Main Karachi-Islamabad road which is considered as the fifth busiest road of the country. moreover it is situated at Muzaffargarh Mianwali(M.M.) road. Fateh Pur offers direct public transport to the whole District Layyah people around the clock (24 hours) including other cities like: Lahore, Karachi, Rawalpindi, Mir Pur (AJK), Islamabad, Quetta, Peshawer, Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar,Haronabad Multan, Faisalabad, Mianwali, Dera Ismaeel Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Gujrat, Sailkot, Sargodha and many other cities of Pakistan.
History Of Fatehpur
Akbar had inherited the Mughal Empire from his father Humayun and grandfather Babur. During the 1560s he rebuilt the Agra Fort and established it as his capital. He had a son and then twins, but the twins died. He then consulted Salim Chishti the sufi saint who lived as a recluse in the small town Sikri near Agra. Salim predicted that Akbar would have another son, and indeed one was born in 1569 in Sikri. He was named Salim to honor the saint and would later rule the empire as Emperor Jahangir.
The following year, Akbar, then 28 years old, determined to build a palace and royal city in Sikri, to honor Salim Chishti. The name, Fateh is Arabic in origin and means “victory”, also in Urdu and Persian language. It is at Fatehpur Sikri that the legends of Akbar and his famed courtiers, the nine jewels or Navaratnas, were born . Tansen is said to have performed on an island in the middle of the pool Anup Talao .
Education Of Fatehpur
Fatehpur is considered as the best centre of education, health and business with the best hospitals, educational institutes and well developed markets and shopping centers in the D.G. Khan division. It has 9 Government and private High schools, including Beacon house and Educators. There are 4 colleges, a boy’s degree college, Technical College, Commercial College and a Government Postgraduate Girl’s College. According to the recent survey (2009) of a local NGO “Regional Youth Development Organization” (RYDO), approximately 16,000 (12.322% of total Population) students of all ages and levels are studying in these schools and colleges.
According to a survey made by a local student based NGO (Fateh Pur Science Council) in 2007, the literacy rate in urban and rural areas of Fateh Pur is approximately 79 percent and 53 percent respectively. Due to this very good literacy rate, the people in Fateh Pur are well educated, settled, organized and civilized.( The People of Fateh Pur & Region Demand a Medical Collage in this city because this city is located on ideal location & infrastructer / HighWay and no Medical Collage in between the Multan to Rawalpindi. This Area is Easy Accessible / Connected up to with Bhakkar, Jhang, Muzafargarh, Sargodha, Mianwali Districts )
Government and private Educational Institutions in Fateh Pur include:
- College Feteh Pur (G.C. Feteh Pur)
- College for Women Fateh Pur
- Vocational Training Institute Feteh Pur
- Commercial & Technical colleges, in Fateh Pur are ongoing projects Initiated by Ch. Pervaiz Ilahi(Under Construction)
- Al-Haadi Tibbiya College, Fateh Pur
- High School for boys, Fateh Pur
- High School for girls, Fateh Pur
- Model High School for girls, Fateh Pur
- Beacon Light High School (English medium, girls & boys), Fateh Pur
- Beacon Hall High School (English medium, girls & boys), Fateh Pur
- The Educators (English medium, girls & boys), Fateh Pur
- Faisal Public High School, Fateh Pur (Won presidential award twice)
- City Public High School, Fateh Pur
- Bilal Public High School, Fateh Pur
- Pakistan Model Public High School, Fateh Pur
- Garision Cadet High School (English medium), Fateh Pur
- Hira Public High School for boys, Fateh Pur
- Hira Public High School for girls, Fateh Pur
- Iqra Model High School, Fateh Pur
- Iqra Rohat-ul-Atfal Trust High School, Fateh Pur
- Ali Public High School, Fateh Pur
- Sky Internet Cafe Fateh Pur
Fateh Pur is considered as the most important place for religious education. There are many religious institutes (Madaris) serving in the field of religious education including; Hifz-ul-Quran, Quranic translation, Explanation (Sharah / Tafseer), Knowledge of Precepts with interpretation, Sarf-o-Nahv, Arabic language etc. It is notable that all of these institutes are also giving their students the formal education as in schools and colleges. According to a recent survey, more than 5000 students are studying in 6 important Madaris (Four for male & Two for female) situated in Fateh Pur. Some notable Madaris in Fateh Pur are:
- Dar-ul-Uloom Farooqia, Karor Road, Fateh Pur
- Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband, near veterinary hospital, Fateh Pur
- Madarsa Azizia-Usmania, Block # 4, Fateh Pur
- Dar-ul-Uloom Ghosia-Rizwia, Main Bazar Fateh Pur
Economy Of Fatehpur
The economy of the area depends upon Government and other jobs, agriculture related business.In Fateh Pur Rent a car is Famous Business of this Region. The Markets of Fateh Pur is Organized/Well Planed. [The People of this city / Region demand from Government to promote the People for Industries in this area as it’s already tax free area(like a Cotton processing Units, Flour Mills, Cooled Storage, Farming etc.)] Ahmed Ali Markete, A well plan markete for Maintenance(Heavy & Light Duty Vehicles), Spare Parts and Genral shopes, with more than 200 shopes. It’s a Source of Revenue Generation. (By MPA Ahmed Ali )
Being an agricultural area, Common crops sown in surrounding areas of Fateh Pur are cotton, sugarcane, wheat, rice, cereal crops etc. Gardening and fruit production (Date, Mango, Water melon, Mellon and Citrus fruits) is also an important source of income. Veterinary development is a common feature of such an important agricultural land. So, different types of useful animals (Buffaloes, Cows, Goats, Sheeps, Camel and Poultry etc.) are grown for milk and meat production. Keeping in view the potential of this region , Ch. Pervaiz Ilahi (Chief minister of Punjab) initiated a project on milk collection and dairy development in Layyah city and established different milk collection centres in different towns of the district.