Banda is a city and a municipal board in Banda district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Banda lies south of the Yamuna river in the Bundelkhand region. It is the administrative headquarters of Banda District. The town is well connected to major cities with railways and state highways. The town is near the right bank of the river Ken, 95 m. S. W. of Allahabad.
Banda was a town and district of British India, in the Allahabad division of the United Provinces. The population in 1901 was 22,565. It was formerly, but is no longer, a military cantonmen
Geography Of Banda
Banda is located at 25°29’N 80°20’E? / ?25.48°N 80.33°E? / 25.48; 80.33. It has an average elevation of 123 metres (403 feet)
Economy Of Banda
It contains an area of 3061 sq. m. In some parts it rises into irregular uplands and elevated plains, interspersed with detached rocks of granite; in others it sinks into marshy lowlands, which frequently remain under water during the rainy season. The sloping country on the bank of the Yamuna (previously called Jamuna)is full of ravines. To the S.E. the Vindhya chain of hills takes its origin in a low range not exceeding 50o ft. in height, and forming a natural boundary of the district in that direction. The principal river of the district is the Yamuna, which flows from north-west to south-east, along the N.E. boundary of the district, for 125 m. The black soil of the district yields crops of which the principal are millet, other food-grains, pulse, rice, cotton and oil-seeds. Banda cotton enjoys a high repute in the market. A branch railway from Manikpur to Jhansi traverses the length of the district, which is also crossed by the East Indian main line to Jabalpur (earlier Jubbulpore).
History Of Banda
Banda district , which forms one of the districts included under the general name of Bundelkhand, has formed an arena of contention for the successive races who have struggled for the sovereignty of India. Kalinjar town, then the capital, was unsuccessfully besieged by Mahmud of Ghazni in A.D. 1023; in 1196 it was taken by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the general of Muhammad Ghori; in 1545 by Sher Shah Suri, who, however, fell mortally wounded in the assault. About the year 1735 the king of Kalinjar’s territory, including the present district of Banda, was bequeathed to Baji Rao, the Maratha Peshwa; and from the Marathas it passed by the treaties of 1802-1803 to the East India Company. At the time of the Great Indian Mutiny of 1857, the district, which was poverty-stricken and over-taxed, joined the rebels. The town of Banda was recovered by General Whitlock on the 20th of April 1858. The fiscal system was remodelled, and the district has since enjoyed a greater degree of prosperity only interrupted by famine.
Baji Rao and his second wife Mastani had one son named Krishna Swami, later changed to Shamsher Bahadur after their death in 1741. It was Baji Rao’s deepest desire to invest Krishna Swami with the sacred thread, as he was the son of a Chitpavan Brahmin (Baji Rao himself) and the grandson of the greatest proponent of the Pranami Panth, Maharajah Chhatrasaal. But he was strongly opposed in this mission by the orthodox lobby of Pune Brahmins; and after his death, his son Shamsher Bahadur was married off to a Muslim convert. Shamsher Bahadur’s son was named Ali Bahadur who was sent off from Pune as the Nawab of Banda to rule over the lands that had been bequeathed to Baji Rao by Mastani’s father, Maharajah Chhatrasaal of Bundelkhand. Ruling as a Muslim over his Hindu cousins, he was effectively deprived of his patrimony.
Education Of Banda
General Education includes education from the pre-Junior Basic or nursery stage to the University stage. The pattern and system of education is almost uniform all over the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Junior and Senior Basic Stage
Education at Junior and Senior Basic stage is based on Wardha scheme of education initiated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1937; U.P. State Government adopted this with certain modifications in 1938. Although Mahatma Gandhi placed the idea of Basic education before the country in 1937, it could not gather strength before independence. The term Basic now includes education at the junior basic stage from class I to V and the senior basic stage from class VI to VIII.
The secondary education now covers education beyond the senior basic stage up to the end of class XII. With establishment of the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, U.P. in 1921, the high school and Intermediate examinations at the end of class X class XII respectively are held.
The number of institutions imparting education up to graduate and post-graduate levels here are four. These institutions impart education both to boys and the girls.
Folk-songs & Folk-dances
The seasonal folk-songs commonly sung in the villages are Hori or Phag during spring. Malhar and Kajri in the rainy season.Women have their own songs for special occasions such as sohar (sung on the occasion of the birth of a child ) or Mangla geet (gari) during marriage ceremony. Bhajan-Kirtan in a chorus accompanied with musical is very much liked by inhabitants of the district. alha which is sung in the praise of Alha and Udal, the most popular heroes of this region, is also the most popular song of the district during rainy season.
A number of open air performances, combining the rural style of folk music and dancing with some national theme are a regular feature of rural life in the district. Nautanki and dramas based on mythology are often staged and attract large gatherings, particularly in the villages.
Schools and universities
- Kali Charan Nigam Institute of Technology’ (KCNIT), Banda
- VNMPS Public School, Banda
- Nalanda Technical & Management college (NTMC), Banda
- Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru Degree College, Banda
- Adarsh Bajrang Inter College, Banda
- D.A.V. Inter College, Banda
- Dr.Bhim Rao Ambedkar Agri. University, Banda
- Government Inter College(GIC), Banda
- Government Girl Inter Colle, Bandage(GGIC), Banda
- Guru Raamrai, Banda
- St Paul’s school, Banda
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College, Banda
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Banda
- St. Mary’s Senior Secondary School, Banda
- Bethel Children Academy, Banda
- Government Mahila Degree College, Banda
- Saraswati Gyan Mandir, Banda
- Eklavya Mahavidyalaya, Banda
- Raja Devi Degree College, Banda
There are so many fairs/melas organized at the different places and Utsavs :
- Bhuragarh fair (photograph shown), Banda
- Nawab Tank fair, Banda
- Chilla fair, Banda
- Bilgav fair, Banda
- Kalinjar fair, Banda
- Khatri Pahar fair, Banda
- Tihramafi fair, Banda