According to the 2011 India census, Agra has a population of 3,575,134, while the population of Agra cantonment is 50,968 and that of Agra district is 3,620,436. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Agra district population grew by 31% in the decade 1991–2001. Roughly 57% of the population of Agra district lives in urban areas. Agra has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 86% males literate. Literacy rate of males is considerably higher than that of women. Agra district literacy rate is 62.56%
Hinduism, Islam, and Jainism are three major religions in Agra district with 89.6%, 8.93%, and 0.51% of the population following them. Jatavs, Baniyas and Jats are most numerous castes in Agra. Agra is also considered as dalit capital because Jatavs form a large section of the population and maintains a substantial middle class in society. Some Scheduled Tribes like the Bhotia and Jaunsari have marginal presence (about 0.02% of the population).
52.5% of Agra’s population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in Agra. Urdu and Punjabi are also spoken.
Education Of Agra
Agra has always been a centre for education and learning. It was during the advent of Mughal era that Agra grew as a centre of Islamic education. British people introduced the western concept of education in Agra. In the year 1823, Agra College, one of the oldest colleges in India was formed out of a Sanskrit school established by the Scindia rulers. In the British era, Agra became a great center of Hindi literature with people like Babu Gulab Rai at the helm.
- Baptist Higher Secondary School, Sai ka takia, Agra
- Air Force School, Agra
- Army School, Agra
- Andrews Public School, Agra.
- St Clare’s Senior Secondary School, Agra
- Peter’s College, Agra
- Paul’s Church College, Agra
- Patrick’s Junior College, Agra
- Anthony’s Junior College, Agra
- Conrad’s Inter College, Agra
- George’s College, Agra (Inter College)
- Maharaja Agrasen Inter College, Agra
- Francis School, Agra
- Delhi Public School, Agra
- Agra Public School, Agra
- Holy Public School, Agra
- Clare’s Senior Secondary School, Agra
- Government Inter College (G.I.C.) Agra
- D. Jain Inter College, Agra
- Queen Victoria Girls Inter College, Agra
- Saket Inter College, Agra
- Johns Inter College, Agra.
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College, Agra
- Raja Balwant Singh Inter College, Agra
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Agra
- Sumeet Rahul Goel Mem. Sen. Sec. School, Agra
- Simpkins school, Agra
- Dayanand Bal Mandir, agra
- Radhaswami Educational Institute (R.E.I), Agra
- Sachdeva Millenium School, Agra
- Gyandeep High School, jagdishpura Agra
Universities in Agra
Agra University was established on 1 July 1927 and catered to colleges spread across the United Provinces, the Rajputana, the Central Provinces and almost to entire North India, at present around 142 Colleges are affiliated to this university. The historic Agra University was later rechristened as Dr. BhimRao Ambedkar University by the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Ms. Mayawati.
Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Radhasoami Satsang Sabha, started the Radhasoami Educational Institute, as a co-educational Middle School, open to all, on January 1, 1917. It became a Degree College in 1947, affiliated to Agra University. In 1975, it formulated a programme of undergraduate studies which received approbation from the Government of Uttar Pradesh and the University Grants Commission, as a result of which in 1981 the Ministry of Education, Government of India, conferred the status of an institution deemed to be a University on the Dayalbagh Educational Institute, to implement the new scheme.
Central Institute of Hindi, Central Institute of Hindi (also known as Kendriya Hindi Sansthan) is an autonomous institute under Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India engaged in teaching Hindi as a foreign and second language. Apart from running residential Hindi language courses for foreign students, the institute also conducts regular training programmes for teachers of Hindi belonging to non-Hindi states of India. The institute is situated at a 11 acres (4.5 ha) campus on the outskirts of Agra city. Headquartered in Agra the institute has eight regional centers in Delhi, Hyderabad, Mysore, Shillong, Dimapur, Guwahati, Ahmedabad and Bhubneshwar. The institute is the only government run institution in India established solely for research and teaching of Hindi as a foreign and second language.
Agra is also home to colleges: Seth Padam Chand Jain Institute of Business and Economics (SPCJ), is the oldest management institute in Agra. It provides Masters Degree in Business Management and offers specialisations in Marketing, Finance and Human Resources Management.
School of Life Sciences(SLS Khandari, Agra), is the biggest college for Master’s education of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra (formerly Agra University), situated at Khandari campus, Agra(UP).
Dau Dayal Institute Of Vocational Education is an institute run by Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra (formerly Agra University) and is situated at Khandari campus, Agra (U.P.). Students can pursue courses like Masters in Computer Management, B.Com.(Voc.) Adevertising and Sales Promotion, Bachelor of Science (Computer Applications, Instrumentation and Optical Instrumentation) Vocational and other job-oriented courses in Tourism Management, M.Sc (Electronics and Instrumentation) and Ph.D. (Instrumentation).
Institute of Engineering & Technology Khandari (I.E.T. Khandari, Agra), is the engineering institute of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra (formerly Agra University), situated at Khandari, Agra in Uttar Pradesh.
Sarojini Naidu Medical College, Agra, named the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh: the freedom fighter and poet Sarojini Naidu. Founded in 1854, S. N. Medical College & Hospital is one of the three oldest medical schools in India.
St. John’s College, Agra was established in 1850 by the Church Missionary Society of England through the efforts of the Agra C. M. S. Association which came into being in 1840. Shankar Dayal Sharma, the 9th President of India received his education from St. John’s college.
F.E.T Agra College, Agra, Carrying the legacy of Agra College and Agra University, Faculty of Engineering and technology came into existence in 1999. Raja Balwant Singh College, RBS College is one of the biggest college of Asia and was started by Awagarh Kingdom. This college has the largest campus area and maximum number of education branches. Anand Engineering College, Agra is affiliated to U.P. Technical University Lucknow. It is a part of SGI(Sharda Group of Institutions) an educational group of North India. B.M.A.S Engineering College, Agra is affiliated to U.P. Technical University Lucknow. It is a part of SGI(Sharda Group of Institutions) an educational group of North India. IBRC, Agra (Institute of biotechnology and research center) provides training in biotechnology.
Institute of Social Science (ISS), is the oldest social science institute in Agra. It provides Masters Degree in Social Work, Statistic and Sociology.. Dayalbagh Educational Institute -DEI (Deemed University)Is one of the oldest university in INDIA. And is relatd to religious faith of Radha Soami. It has been known for its pioneer engineers right from 1951A.D.
Economy Of Agra
Nearly five centuries ago, Agra was the commercial nerve centre of Mughal empire. Due to the presence of the Taj Mahal and other historic monuments, it has a tourism industry as well royal crafts like Pietra Dura, marble inlay and carpets
Today 40% of the population depends largely on agriculture, and others on the leather and footwear business and iron foundries. Agra is the second most self-employed in India in 2007, behind Varanasi, followed by Bhopal, Indore and Patna. According to the National Sample Survey Organization, in 1999-2000, 431 of every 1,000 employed males were self-employed in the city, which grew to 603 per 1,000 in 2004-05. Tourism contributes to the economy of Agra. Agra is home to Asia’s largest spa called Kaya Kalp — The Royal Spa, at the Hotel Mughal in Agra. The city has many industries. Agra has Uttar Pradesh’s first plant biotech company Harihar Biotech located near the Taj. It is one of the largest plant tissue culture laboratories in North India with a production capacity of 2 millions plants annually.
Agra has garment manufacturers and exporters, and an automobile industry. Auto companies include Anil Diesels, Harvest Group of Industries, Indian Agriculture and Automobile Corporation (IAAC) and Malloys India. There are about 7000 small scale industrial units. Agra city is known for leather goods, handicrafts, Zari Zardozi, Marvel and stone carving and inlay work. Agra is known for its sweets (Petha and Gajak) and Snacks (Dalmoth).
Some of the leading manufacturers, exporter and sellers of leather in Agra are Hindustan Rubber and Plastic Industries, Polyplast Industries, Royal International, Eskay Sales Corporation, Best Buy, Bandejjia Traders and Expomore.
The city center place at Agra (Kinari Bazar) has jewellery and garments shops. The silver and gold jewellery hub is at Choube Ji Ka Fatak.
With the expansion of Agra, organizations dealing in building materials have flourished. A few names are Silver Gatta Agency, Yashoda Exports, Glass Expressions and Sharda Enterprises. The Amar Paper Agency in Agra dealing in paper related products was established in 1986 by Hon. Shri Ram Nath Agarwal. Other companies are the Yoga Handicrafts and the D.R.Chain and Wire Manufacturing Company. Agra has Transformer manufacturers. The Shah Market area is an electronics market while Sanjay Place is the trade center of Agra.